Validation results of anti-microbial activity 

This is a summary of the validation studies conducted in bioaerosol test chambers.

Viruses

MicroorganismDescriptionReduction
SARS-CoV-2*Coronavirus, cause of Covid-19 pandemic  >99.999%
MS2 ColiphageSingle-stranded RNA virus used as a surrogate for SARS-CoV-2, H1N1 and Norovirus
>99.999%
 PhiX 174 Coliphage
Single-stranded DNA virus used as a surrogate for the coxsackievirus and echovirus
>99.999%

Bacteria

Microorganism DescriptionReduction
Staphylococcus aureus
Gram-positive, round-shaped, opportunistic pathogen 
Common cause of skin infections including abscesses, respiratory infections such as sinusitis
>99.999%
Escherichia coli
Gram-negative coliform bacterium
75% to 95% of urinary tract infections are caused by E. coli
> 99.999%
Pseudomonas aeruginosa Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium
P. aeruginosa is responsible for meningitis, pneumonia, and septicemia and is often multidrug resistant
> 99.999%
Bacillus cereus Gram-positive, rod-shaped spore forming bacterium causing diarrhea. Serious infections caused by Bacillus species include ocular infections, endocarditis, bacteremia and septicemia, pneumonia, meningitis, musculoskeletal infections> 99.999%
Mycobacterium tuberculosis Pathogenic bacillus, causative agent of tuberculosis.
Tuberculosis has many manifestations, affecting bones, the central nervous system, and many other organ systems, but it is primarily a pulmonary disease that is initiated by the deposition of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, contained in aerosol droplets, onto lung alveolar surfaces
 99.99%
Clostridium acetobutylicum Gram-positive and endospore forming anaerobe. Model organism for significant human pathogens, including the causative agents of botulism and tetanus 99.99%

Fungi

MicroorganismDescriptionReduction
 Candida albicansMost common cause of fungal infections worldwide, Candida can cause a serious infection called invasive candidiasis (IC). Most cases of IC are health care-associated infections (HAIs). Infections can occur in the bloodstream (candidemia), heart, brain, eyes, bones, and other deep tissue and organ sites in the body. Candidemia is the most common form of IC and is among the most common types of HAI bloodstream infections
>99.999%
Aspergillus brasiliensis
Aspergillus is largely responsible for the increased incidence of invasive aspergillosis (IA) in the immunocompromised patient population
>99.999%

Spores**

MicroorganismDescriptionReduction
 Bacillus subtilis Spores
Gram-positive, rod-shaped spore forming bacterium causing diarrhea. Serious infections caused by Bacillus species include ocular infections, endocarditis, bacteremia and septicemia, pneumonia, meningitis, musculoskeletal infections
>99.999%
Aspergillus fumigatus Spores
Aspergillus is largely responsible for the increased incidence of invasive aspergillosis (IA) in the immunocompromised patient population
>99.999%

Testing done at Biomoneta's laboratory and at a third-party ICMR/NABL/ISO certified laboratory

*Testing done at the Centre for Infectious Diseases Research, Indian Institute of Science

**Testing done at Biomoneta's laboratory